Sharing is hard . . .

The Rat’s Nest

Vol.54 Issue 04
Cover Artist: Barnaby Barford
Cover of TLR's The Rat's Nest issue
What reasonable man would like to be a city of demons?
-Czeslaw Milosz


Minna Zallman Proctor

We decided last year, in a conversation of unprecedented unanimity, to dedicate an issue to the subject of collaboration and agreed, too, that it should be entitled “The Rat’s Nest” (just to reinforce how intimidated each of us—writers, loners, hermits, control freaks—are by the concept of working together). After which I spent a great deal of time sifting through relevant word associations. Collaboration, as in: artistic collaboration, underground political collaborators, snitches, love affairs, family dynamics, group think, multimedia projects, complicity, teamwork.

In the two years before she died, my mother and I tried to write an opera together. She was a composer who’d spent most of her career writing perfect, complex, essentialist chamber music, as if rehearsing and fine-tuning her skills for the big explosive real projects she dreamed of. As if you needed forty years of practice to justify imposing your music on an entire orchestra, and a cast of mighty voices. I was an essayist and translator who loved music despite being tone deaf. We spent too long discussing what text to work off. I wanted to turn the Al Pacino movie Dog Day Afternoon into an opera; she wanted to set Melville’s The Confidence-Man. Not admitting perhaps how short our time together would be, we leisurely and at long last settled on a novella by Italo Calvino from Under the Jaguar Sun called Il re in ascolta that we both loved.

The summer we sat down together to write, we were in my mother’s offbeat Italian studio in a remote, medieval Tuscan village. I sat at my desk, a rickety card table, in an alcove right above where she sat at her piano, a good quality electric that she liked to use with headphones. And we hollered back and forth at each other. Not since I was fifteen years old had we fought so fiercely about every single thing. I kept telling her how I thought the orchestration should sound, and she kept turning my sentences around and debating my interpretations of Calvino’s vision. I had one elaborate staging in mind that would have only worked in Salzburg’s Felsenreitschule theatre. She had another, so simple it could work in a university lecture hall—which was eventually where the small section we managed to finish debuted. The only thing, I discovered that summer, psychically harder than navigating a mother-daughter relationship was artistic collaboration. Yet I’d give my eyetooth to have had the wherewithal to finish it; or better even, to be still working on it today. Perhaps that’s the threat of collaboration, you have to survive to maintain it.

Now that we have the completed collaboration issue in hand, and I can see again as a whole what’s been a puzzle of elements for so long, I realize that this rat’s nest has become an anthology of death. Which is, some say, the only thing that we do unequivocally alone. Our opening project is an exquisite corpse poem built on the old parlor game model (each poet sees only the single line of poetry directly before his). The fatal accident of Kevin Lutz’s “Giving Up the Ghost” spins a web of community around grief. There’s a perversely sublimated collaboration at the heart of Elahzar Rao’s murder mystery, “Saudade.” Poet Henry Israeli’s divorced parents are reunited six feet under. The wending melody of “Just So People” reveals an elegy. A dead son and wife haunt the Himalayas in “Footmarks.” Even our most sophisticated collaborative piece, “[Spoiler Alert],” had as its goal the eradication of unique authorship: killing the author. How did an endeavor that seemed to promise building together land us so squarely in the graveyard?

My guess is that as artists, loners, control freaks, we’re even more terrified of collaboration than we thought. I know I am.

Welcome to our rat’s nest.



Kathleen Graber, Diane Mehta, Robert Polito, Jeffrey Renard Allen, H.L. Hix, Cole Swensen, Weston Cutter, Kathryn Nuernberger, Dan Beachy-Quick, Sesshu Foster, Steve Davenport, James Richardson, Kelly Cherry, Meghan O’Rourke, Shane McCrae, Jeffrey Yang, Tom Sleigh
To Pass the Time That Passes Anyway

David Macey, translator
Catullus: 94
Catullus: 101
Catullus: 105
Catullus: 112

Judith Skillman
Montreal, 1946
Gallows Bird

Myronn Hardy
What the Tide Leaves

James Capozzi
Poem Called “On the Figure and Its Realities”
The Natural People
Universal Description of the Known World Without End
The Dream of the Zombies

Fani Papageorgiou
The Just So People

Craig Morgan Teicher
Grief: A Celebration

Henry Israeli
This Poem Will Not Die, So I Beat It Senseless
A Nebula

John Marvin
His Story of the Folly
whatever happened to ae: an iou most fowl

Laurie Lamon
Pain Thinks of the Star Nosed Mole
The child is tired


Priscilla Becker
Failures of Imagination

Laura Eve Engel and Adam Peterson
[Spoiler Alert]

Tamas Dobozy
The Other László Erdész

Elahzar Rao

Avital Gad-Cykman

Chris Tarry
Love Story

Kevin Lutz
Giving Up the Ghost

Jacob White
Your Father Needs More Time


Alex Stein and Yahia Lababidi
It Could Have Been Otherwise

Zachary Lazar and Dana Spiotta
Stone Arabia


A Collection of Thoughts on Lynne Tillman, on the Occasion of the Publication of Her Twelfth Book, Someday This Will Be Funny
By Ruth Curry

David Foster Wallace
The Pale King
By Wyatt Williams

Can Xue
Vertical Motion
By Drew Calvert

Martin Espada
The Trouble Ball
By Michael Thurston

Alina Bronsky
The Hottest Dishes of the Tartar Cuisine
By Marion Wyce

G.C. Waldrep and John Gallagher
Your Father on the Train of Ghosts
By Andrew McKay

Gina Berriault
Stolen Pleasures
By Jeanne-Marie Jackson

Brandon Shimoda
The Girl Without Arms
By F. Daniel Rzicznek

Albert Mobilio
Touch Wood
By John King

Lyudmilla Ulitskaya
Daniel Stein, Interpreter
By Josh Billings



Ring-a-Ring o’ Roses
Barnaby Barford, 2009
Porcelain, Earthenware, Enamel Paint, Painted Wooden Base, Other Media used by permission of the artist

Just as collaboration has a strangely broad array of meanings—from laudable to punishable—so the picture on our cover requires several different takes to fully absorb it. From the first glance, though, I loved about “Ring-a-Ring o’ Roses”—the innocence and violence, the hand-holding cooperation, the sedition. I love the way the figurine in grand narrative tradition carries at least five or seven different time frames: the now of the guns. The antique then of the Victorian children. The retro kitsch then of mid-20th-century tchotchkes. The popular deep-history then of the game, ring around the rosie, said to be about the English Great Plague of 1665. The floating nostalgic then of innocent childhood. And the bitter rupture of innocence illustrated by the guns brandished by the figures. The now in which the artist, Barnaby Barford, puts it all together.

This particular piece comes from a series that looks “at ideas of lost youth, gang violence, and perceptions of youth,” which, the English artist explains, was a response to the media frenzy around a period of youth violence in London. Barford says he “wanted to explore the boundaries between reality and hysteria.” And, like much of his work, the original figurines represented a “chocolate-box version of life” corrupted through the making process.

The specificity of Barford’s small sculptures, mostly found objects reconfigured by the artist with a saw and paint, gives them wonderful scope. Barford’s work is at once wistful, funny, and scathing. It seems in so many ways to give a visual response to our own ambivalent interpretation of collaboration, both in art and in how we respond to the contingencies of daily life.

Minna Zallman Proctor